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How Vitamin D Fights Against Periodontal Disease

Child holding glass of milk and smiling

Vitamin D has always been a substantially essential vitamin to help increase bone health and prevent diseases such as osteoporosis from developing later on in life. For dentists, vitamin D is an excellent nutrient for strong tooth enamel and can help ward away any signs of early tooth decay, but this fantastic vitamin has more of an impact on your oral health than you’d think. Here, we explore the relation between vitamin D and periodontal disease and offer our advice for caring for your teeth with vitamin D power.

How Vitamin D Reduces The Risk of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, one of the most severe forms of gingivitis that affects over 47% of adults 30 years and older, has complex multitudes of bacteria which, when left untreated, can cause the gums to recede and cause nutrients to be reabsorbed back into the jaw, leading to a higher chance of developing tooth loss. According to an article from the Medicina peer-reviewed scientific journal, “Vitamin D affects the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases (PD) via immunomodulation, increases bone mineral density (BMD), reduces bone resorption, and is important in fighting against agents that cause periodontal diseases.” Here’s what we know about how vitamin D fights against periodontal disease:

  • Vitamin D throughout the dental pulp fibroblasts and periodontal cells forms a defense mechanism against harmful bacteria when responding to inflammation. It regulates immune response and has a particular anti-microbial effect against the bacteria Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans by neutralizing their endotoxins.
  • Vitamin D, when located throughout blood plasma, is effective against this bacteria when the plasma concentrations are reached at 90-100 nmol/L.
  • Throughout the mandibular bone, one of the four tissues making up the periodontium, an increase in vitamin D can help lower skeletal bone mineral density, helping reduce the risk of developing chronic periodontal disease.

What Do Dentists Recommend For Vitamin D

According to the article, people can gain over 10,000 IU of vitamin D just from getting sunlight from the face, hands, and palms 2-3 times a week without risking sunburns. Taking vitamin supplements under your primary physician or dietitian’s supervision can also help increase the amount of vitamin D you gain throughout your diet. As dentists, we recommend gaining vitamin D through sources such as sunlight, dairy products, fatty fish, and mushrooms, among other foods not mentioned here. If you believe you may have some early signs of periodontal disease, visit your dentist to schedule an appointment and receive treatment!

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